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65 фактов о кошках

1. Every year about four million cats eat in Asia.

2. On average, cats spend 2/3 days sleeping. This means that the nine-year-old cat was active only three years of his life.

3. Unlike dogs, cats do not have a sweet tooth. Scientists believe that this is due to a mutation in one of the key receptors of taste.

4. Cats, as a rule, "dig" the right paw, and cats - left.

5. A cat can not climb a tree upside down due to the claw device. In order to descend from the tree, she must retreat, backing behind.

6. Cats produce about 100 different sounds. Dogs are only 10.

7. The cat's brain is biologically closer to the human than the dog's brain. For emotions in cats are responsible for the same parts of the brain as in humans.

8. In the world live more than 500 million domestic cats, there are about 40 different breeds.

9. In order to sew a coat, you need about 24 cat skins.

10. Although it is commonly believed that the ancient Egyptians tamed the first cats, the oldest known domestic cat was recently found in a 9,500-year-old grave on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. This is ahead of the mention of a cat in Egyptian art for more than 4000 years.

11. At the time of the Spanish Inquisition, Pope Innocent VIII recognized cats as assistants to the devil, and thousands of cats were burned. Unfortunately, the mass killing of cats led to a sharp increase in the population of rats, which aggravated the consequences of the "Black Death" (plague epidemic).

12. In the Middle Ages cats were associated with black magic and on St. John's Day, people all over Europe stuffed them into sacks and threw them into bonfires.

13. The first cat, who visited space, was a French cat named Felicette (that is, Astrocot). In 1963 France launched it into space. The electrodes implanted in the cat's brain sent neurological signals back to Earth. Astrocot survived this flight safely.

14. A group of words related to a cat (catt, cath, chat, katze) come from the Latin "catus", meaning "domestic cat", unlike "feles", that is, "wild cat".

15. According to the Jewish legend, Noah prayed to God, asking to protect the food on the ark from the rats. In response, God made the lion sneeze, and a cat jumped out of it.

16. The cat can move at a maximum speed of about 50 km / h for short distances.

17. A cat can jump to a height of 5 times greater than its own growth.

18. Cats rub against people not only from affection, but also to mark the territory with the smell of glands located around the muzzle. Also, the smell marks out areas near the cat's tail and paws.

19. Scientists do not know exactly how the cat purrs. Most veterinarians believe that the cat purrs vibrations of the vocal cords located deep in the throat. To do this, the muscles of the larynx open and close the air passage about 25 times per second.

20. In ancient Egypt, when the domestic cat was dying, family members shaved their eyebrows and mourned for it. They also held a funeral, during which they drank wine and beat themselves in the chest. The cat was embalmed and placed in a family tomb or animal cemetery with tiny mummies of mice.

21. In 1888, more than 300,000 mummified cats were found in Egyptian cemeteries. They were removed from the fabric and taken to England and the US for use as a fertilizer.

22. Most cats give birth in litters from one to nine kittens. In the largest known litter there were 19 kittens, of which 15 survived.

23. Smuggling of cats from ancient Egypt was punishable by death.

24. Early ancestors of modern cats lived about 30 million years ago. Scientists called them "Proailurus", which means "first cat" in Greek. A group of animals, to which modern cats belong, appeared about 12 million years ago.

25. The largest wild cat for today is the Amur tiger. It can grow more than 3.6 m in length (the size of a small car) and weigh up to 320 kg.

26. The smallest wildcat for today is the Blackfoot Cat. Female it is less than 50 cm in length and can weigh only 1.2 kg.

27. Although many parts of Europe and North America, black cat is considered a bad sign, in the UK and Australia meeting with a black cat foreshadows a fortune.

28. The most popular breed of cats in the world is the Persian cat, followed by the Raccoon cat (Maine Coon) and the Siamese cat.

29. Some Siamese cats mow through the eyes due to the special arrangement of the optic nerves.

65 facts about cats. There is a breed of cats that like to swim. Wool of Turkish Van, a breed bred in Central Asia, has a unique texture that makes it waterproof.

31. The most expensive cat in the world named Little Nicky cost her owner $ 50,000. She is a clone of his former cat, died of old age.

32. The cat has about 12 mustaches on each side of the muzzle.

33. Cat's sight is both better and worse than human. Better - because cats are much better seen in the dark and have a wider angle of peripheral vision. Worse - because they do not distinguish colors the way people do. For example, grass seems to cats red.

34. In Spanish-Jewish folklore, there is a parable that Adam's first wife, Lilith, turned into a black vampire cat sucking the blood of sleeping babies. Perhaps, it is this fact that led to the belief that a cat can strangle a sleeping baby or "suck" its breath.

35. The most famous comic cat in literature is the Cheshire cat in Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll. Due to his ability to disappear, this mysterious person personifies magic and witchcraft historically associated with cats.

36. In the original Italian version of Cinderella, the good fairy godmother was a cat.

37. At the Dutch Embassy in Moscow, staff noticed that two Siamese cats from time to time began to mew and scratch the walls of the building. Their owners finally decided to find out what the matter was, thinking that they would find mice. Instead, they found hidden in the walls of microphones of Russian spies. Cats heard the microphones when they were turned on.

38. The ability of cats to find their way home is called "psi-travel". According to experts, cats either determine their location by the angle of sunlight, or cats have magnetized cells in the brain that act like a compass.

39. The cat's jaws do not move from side to side, so the cat can not chew large pieces of food.

40. Cats very rarely meow on other cats, usually only on humans. The cat will most likely snort, purr or hiss at other cats.

41. The back of the cat is very flexible, because it has 53 freely adhering vertebrae. People are only 34.

42. Approximately 1/3 of the owners of cats believe that pets are able to read their thoughts.

43. All cats hide their claws in a state of rest, except for the cheetah.

44. Excessive love for cats is called Ailurophilia (from the Greek: cats + lover).

45. Most cats were short-haired until about 100 years ago experiments with breeding and crossing breeds were introduced into fashion.

46. ​​Cats have 32 muscles controlling the outer ear (in humans there are only 6). Therefore, cats can turn their ears 180 degrees.

47. One of the reasons that kittens sleep so much is that growth hormone in cats, just like humans, stands out only during sleep.

48. Cats have about 20 155 hair per square centimeter.

49. The most difficult cat, entered in the Guinness Book of Records, was Himmy from Queensland, Australia. He weighed 21 kg and died at the age of 10 years.

50. The oldest cat recorded in the Guinness Book of Records was Crème Puff from Austin, Texas, who lived from 1967 to August 6, 2005, and died three days after his thirty-eighth birthday. Cats usually live up to 20 years, which is equivalent to 96-year-old human age.

51. In Scotland, there is a commemorative tower in honor of a cat named Tauser, who caught almost 30,000 mice in his life.

52. Cats were brought to North and South America by Europeans in the 1750s to fight pests.

53. The first cat show in history was organized in 1871 in London. Later, cat shows became popular all over the world.

54. The first famous cartoon cat was the cat Felix, who appeared in 1919.

55. The cat has 230 bones in the body (in humans only 206). The cat does not have a clavicle, so it can climb into any hole the size of its head.

56. The surface of the nose in cats is as unique as fingerprints in humans.

57. The heart of a cat beats almost twice as fast as a human (from 110 to 140 beats per minute).

58. Cats do not have sweat glands all over the body, as in humans. They sweat only through their paws.

59. In just seven years, one pair of cats and their descendants can produce a total of 420,000 kittens.

65 facts about cats. An adult cat has 30 teeth. Kittens have 26 milk teeth, which drop out at the age of six months.

61. A cat named Dusty set a record for the number of offspring. During her life she gave birth to 420 kittens.

62. Cats are very sensitive to vibration. They can feel the tremors of an earthquake 10 to 15 minutes before people.

63. Unlike dogs, cats almost did not change during the process of domestication.

64. The claws on the hind legs of the cat are not as sharp as on the forelegs.

65. The richest cat in the world, Blackie, inherited 15 million pounds from her master, Ben Rea.